GS Paper 1
Topic : Salient features of Indian Society
Qn. “Caste based discrimination, in addition to harming the victim also re-inforces the norms and customs that allow such crimes” – Examine (250 words)
Inspite of the presence of strict laws against the practise of Untouchability in India, caste based discrimination is a reality that members belonging to the Scheduled Caste / Scheduled Tribe experience as a part of their daily lives. Caste based discrimination can take various forms that range from covert attitudes to overt behaviour of exclusion , hatred and violence towards the victims.
Culture of compliance
An act of discrimination that goes unchecked sets in a series of similar behaviour. Members who earlier never exhibited such discriminatory behaviour would, in order to comply with the behaviour of the peers, discriminate members belonging to the lower castes.
Hinders the moral progress of the society
A society that strives for its moral progress and advancement has to shun the evil of discrimination of a human being in the hands of an other fellow human.
Purity and pollution in the 21st century
Such discrimination revives the age old obsolete conceptions of purity and pollution in interpersonal relationships. This fragments the society creating fractures within the society. Lack of cohesion creates an inherent need to dominate over other members of the society.
It can be thus infered that discrimination of any kind has to be checked for if it goes unchecked can result in the destruction of the progress made by the society all these years since independence.
GS Paper 3
Topic : Liberalization and various sectors in India
Qn. Do you think that the Production Linked Incentive (PLI ) scheme can herald a new era in mobile phone manufacturing ? (250 words)
Production Linked Incentive Scheme (PLI)for Large Scale Electronics Manufacturing was notified on 1st April, 2020. PLI Scheme extends an incentive of 4% to 6% on incremental sales (over base year) of goods under target segments that are manufactured in India to eligible companies, for a period of five years subsequent to the base year (FY2019-20).
A total of 22 companies ,both domestic as well as foreign have filed their application under the PLI Scheme. These companies are expected to expand their manufacturing operations in a significant manner in mobile phone production in India.
Over the next 5 years, the Scheme is expected to lead to total production of about INR 11,50,000 crore (INR 11.5 lakh crore).
The scheme is expected to promote exports significantly. Out of the total production of INR 11,50,000 crore in the next 5 years, more than 60% will be contributed by exports of the order of INR 7,00,000 crore.The scheme will bring additional investment in electronics manufacturing to the tune of INR 11,000 crore.
The scheme will generate approximately 3 lakh direct employment opportunities in next 5 years along with creation of additional indirect employment of nearly 3 times the direct employment. Domestic Value Addition is expected to grow from the current 15-20% to 35-40% in case of Mobile Phones and 45-50% for electronic components.
With the demand for electronics in India expected to grow manifold by 2025, it is expected that PLI scheme and other initiatives to promote electronics manufacturing will help in making India a competitive destination for electronics manufacturing and give boost to AtmaNirbhar Bharat. Creation of domestic champion companies in electronics manufacturing under the Scheme will give fillip to vocal for local while aiming for global scale.