Oct 13, Mains Questions from today’s Hindu Paper

Hindu News:- India Intel sets up centre for AI

GS Paper 3

Topic:- Awareness in the field of IT,Computers.

1 )“Despite AI being a disruptive technology, various challenges remain for adoption of Artificial Intelligence in India” – Explain

Introduction:


Artificial Intelligence as a disruptive technology is very rapidly changing the ways of life.
Optical character recognition, speech recognition, automated driving systems, simulation games are examples for AI, which is invading into our day to day living.
As a country, whether we appreciate it or not, world is bound to move towards AI and any lag in adoption and capitalisation may result in huge economic burden for purchasing such technologies.


Challenges for adoption of AI:

• The present penetration of AI in India is very less compared to US or China. Government had constituted a task Force on Artificial Intelligence (AI) for India’s Economic Transformation in 2017 and in turn had constituted 4 committee covering various aspect of AI. The pace at which policy environment are put in place needs to improve.


• New technological investments and related start-ups are less in India compared to “copycat” models of US or European success models. The start-up system needs to change to address the issue. Capital requirements, ease of doing business, skill gap narrowing are the areas to concentrated upon


• In spite of high number of IT institutions, still there exists dis-connect between academia and industry. Government, Universities and industry need to correct this anomaly.


• Linguistic and cultural diversity may pose a challenge in collaboration between states and emulating the success models.


Conclusion:

The existing IT systems and high engineers output in countries are the positives related to adoption of AI.
Timely government initiatives in policy and funding aspects will create the right ecosystem to capitalise the opportunity.

Hindu News:- Federalism a partisan internal dialogue

GS Paper 2

Topic :- Federalism and Issues.

2) Do you think COVID 19 has exposed the ‘central bias’ inherent in the Constitution of India ?

Introduction

COVID-19 has been the greatest challenge nations and polities across the world have faced in the recent years. The crisis situation had brought into focus the complexity and the challenges inherent in the relationship between the union and the state governments in India.

What measures were taken by the Government to handle this situation?

Immediate lockdown to control the movement of the people thus arresting the spread of the virus.

Changes to Epidemic Act

Postponement of the GST dues that the state governments are entitled to.

Restriction of different activities that are permitted in the states.

Changes to labour laws and amendments to farm & agricultural bills.

Have these measures brought out the constitution’s bias towards a strong centre ?

The provisions of Disaster Management Act were utilized by the Union government so as to impose strict lockdown in the states. This over arching powers available to the Union Government is due to the residuary powers that the constitution places in the hands of the Union.

The revival of the economy falls majorly on the shoulders of the Union Government. The steps that were taken by the Union to kindle the animal spirits in the economy by bringing in amendments to the labour laws and farm bills has been criticized by states as an infringement on the domain of the States.

However the presence of trade and commerce in certain goods in the concurrent list (List 3) of 7th Schedule strengthens the arm of the Union excessively compared to the states.

Conclusion

Though urgent situations can completely modify the relationship and equation between the Centre and the States, it has undoubtedly exposed the central bias inherent in the Constitution